UFO Conjecture(s)

Saturday, December 20, 2014

Wilhelm Reich: Nuts about UFOs



16 August 1999

Wilhelm Reich's Contact With Space
By Robert Scott Martin (Staff Writer)

On January 28, 1954, Wilhelm Reich "happened accidentally to
observe two bright yellow-orange lights moving in front of a
mountain range toward a lake." The encounter was the opening
salvo of a "war" with UFOs that would occupy the final phases of
Reich's troubled medical and scientific career.

At the time, Reich, a trained psychoanalyst who had once
belonged to Sigmund Freud's inner Vienna circle, was already
facing what he called "emotional and physical misery" caused by
his more terrestrial battle with the U.S. Food & Drug
Administration over the use of "orgone," a controversial form of
ambient "life energy" he claimed to have discovered.

Reich found an inexhaustible range of uses for his discovery,
touting orgone as everything from the secret of antigravity to a
tool for weather control, especially rainmaking. Most
importantly, he found that he could use orgone to "interfere"
with UFOs.

But to the FDA, orgone simply did not exist, rendering Reich's
orgone-based therapies prosecutable under quackery statutes.
Even today, four decades after the controversy, Reichian
therapists claim to be able to manipulate the energy for a wide
variety of healing effects, including the cure for cancer,
without resorting to drugs, radiation or chemicals. Instead,
Reichians work to build up a current of orgone within the
patient's vicinity in order to strengthen and heal the
underlying life force itself.

Nevertheless, Reich's legal fight with the FDA ended with his
death in prison after defying a federal injunction against the
use of orgone for medical purposes.

Whatever the official status of his medical theories, Reich
expected a response when he wrote to the U.S. Air Force about
his UFO sighting. He reasoned that "the U.S. Air Force is the
natural organization in the Western world responsible" for
dealing with such phenomena because "it operates in the
atmosphere and watches the frontier upward toward outer space."
When the military didn't deal with his report to his
satisfaction, Reich took matters into his own hands.

The encounter and the Air Force

In his letter to the Air Force, reproduced in his last book,
Contact With Space, Reich described his sighting as "a brightly
shining light" moving from west to east through the forest
outside Rangeley, Maine. A second, similar phenomenon soon
joined the first, both moving steadily in front of Spotted
Mountain. He concluded that the objects were not stars due to
their course and the mountain intervening between their apparent
motion and the sky, but the possibility that they were military
vehicles or other objects of a terrestrial type did not seem to
occur to him.

At around the same time, Reich's secretary, Ilse Ollendorff,
also reported seeing "a similar, but brighter and bigger,
because closer, object." Like the aerial phenomena observed by
Reich, Ollendorff's sighting hovered in front of a mountain, but
then "was seen rising once vertically upward, settling down
again and then disappearing."

The Air Force, for its part, was either unaware of Reich's
running battle with the FDA, or was intrigued enough by his
encounter to overlook the controversy. Lt. Steven J. Hebert,
stationed at the Presque Isle Air Force Base, wrote back telling
Reich that the "subject officer notified this organization to
take whatever action necessary, since this unit is interested in
investigating unidentified aerial phenomena."

Hebert enclosed a copy of Technical Information Sheet Form A,
the Air Force's UFO reporting questionnaire, for Reich and
Ollendorff to fill out and return. As Contact With Space
ruefully notes, Reich received the letter only five days before
the FDA obtained the injunction forbidding the distribution of
orgone equipment as medical devices.

Reich returned the questionnaire along with a copy of a short
essay, "Survey on Ea," providing background on other unusual
occurrences around the Orgonon research facility, including the
revelation that friends had told Reich "of saucers having been
seen over Orgonon in 1951." However, he had taken little
personal interest in the reports until 1953, when his discovery
of Keyhoe's book made him wonder whether UFOs - or, in his
terminology, "Enigma Alpha" or "Ea" - might be propelled by

The Air Force did not reply, perhaps put off by the impenetrable
nature of the "basic orgonometric equations" included as an
appendix to "Survey on Ea." In the book, Reich includes a rather
coyly self-important note saying "not all can be revealed" about
his relationship with the Air Force, but there is no evidence in
Contact With Space that Reich was in communication with the
military until October, a full six months later.

Instead, during that time, Reich writes that he busied himself
with appealing the FDA injunction and preparing a research trip
to Arizona, where he hoped to investigate the role played by
orgone reactions in the formation of deserts.

Watching for hostile signs in the sky

In looking toward space to explain his sighting, Reich showed
himself to be anything but an uncontaminated witness. Like most
U.S. citizens in the 1950s, exposed to years of speculation that
flying saucers were not native to the Earth, Reich already
believed that unknown aerial phenomena were, in his words, most
likely "contacts with visitors from outer space."

Reich was familiar with Donald Keyhoe's groundbreaking 1953 book
Flying Saucers from Outer Space, leaving him predisposed to look
for extraterrestrial explanations for the unknown lights weaving
across the sky near his Maine research facility. Moreover, the
fact that he had seen 'War of the Worlds' only three weeks
before reporting his sighting was also likely a contributing
factor - as Reich called the film "a rather realistic approach
to the planetary emergency," it evidently made quite an

Furthermore, the cultural climate of the 1950s not only
predisposed Reich to look beyond the Earth, but to look for
evidence that his UFOs were engaged in "warlike" behavior.

The threat of war was in the air, both in Reich's embattled
personal life and in the broader political framework. The Keyhoe
book popularized several apparently hostile encounters between
Air Force pilots and unidentified aerial phenomena, while no
less a personage than General Douglas MacArthur would warn only
a year after Reich's sighting that "all countries on Earth will
have to unite to ... make a common front against attack by
people on other planets."

With that in mind, the Austrian refugee, who had fled to the
United States from the Nazis, considered it not only a
scientific but a patriotic duty to alert Air Force Intelligence
to the encounter at once.

This policy of full disclosure was typical to Reich, who had
taken care to keep the White House informed about developments
in orgone research since 1951. While his critics point to this
as another symptom of what long-time skeptic Martin Gardner
called Reich's "paranoid egoism," Reich himself seems to have
considered the matter a "major responsibility" and seems to have
downplayed the potential uses of his encounter as a self-
promotional vehicle.

Just before the war with the UFOs

In May, however, Reich made an accidental discovery that a few
Air Force officers, including General Harold Watson, chief of
intelligence at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, would find very

As Reich was scanning the sky with a "cloudbuster," a device he
had designed to draw orgone out of the sky in order to induce
rain, he saw a star "fade out" in the presence of three other
witnesses. He pointed the cloudbuster pipes at a second blinking
light, which also faded in brightness. Meanwhile, the first star
reasserted itself once the cloudbuster was pointed away from it.

Reich repeated the experiment three more times in quick
succession, reporting identical effects each time. As it was
scientifically impossible that his device could have interacted
with actual stars - even in orthodox Reichian literature, the
cloudbuster's range was measured in kilometers, not lightyears -
- he concluded that his device had interfered with two UFOs.

Having concluded that his cloudbuster could also function as a
"spacegun," Wilhelm Reich began to outfit his Arizona expedition
as though preparing for a war with outer space.

In October 1954, Wilhelm Reich was under siege. Not only had the
Food and Drug Administration stripped him of his livelihood, but
almost daily UFO sightings were leaving his friends and family
exhausted and frightened.

"There is no doubt that I am at war" with the UFOs, Reich wrote
hours after four bright pulsating lights hovered for hours over
Orgonon, his research facility in rural Maine. "What seemed only
a possibility one year ago is certainty now."

The UFOs had been menacing Orgonon since Reich began experiments
with super-charging his "cloudbuster" weather-control device
with small amounts of radioactive material. Reich had learned in
May that the cloudbuster not only apparently pulled rain out of
clouds, but also drained energy from lights in the sky, making
it, in his words, a "spacegun" effective against UFOs.

Like the cloudbuster, the Austrian psychiatrist turned "natural
scientist" was convinced, UFOs operated on orgone, an ambient
energy source that interacts with life and organic matter.
Reich's claims to the contrary, the FDA had determined that
orgone did not exist, and so had obtained an injunction against
any medical treatment purporting to effect cures through orgone

However, Reich stayed devoted to the reality of his discovery.
He trained the "spacegun" on two aerial objects as they hovered
ominously over Orgonon, causing both to retreat. One
"disappeared after weakening, waning and blinking, leading Reich
to conclude triumphantly that "tonight, for the first time in
the history of man, the war waged for ages by living beings from
outer space upon this Earth... was reciprocated."

As above, so below. On that same day, Reich informed the
authorities in Portland that he would resume his orgone-oriented
publishing efforts. This defiance would lead to his death in
prison less than three years later.

An odd meeting with Air Force Intelligence

Reich, convinced that the aliens were waging their "war" against
Earth by poisoning its orgone, creating deserts, decided to test
his spacegun in the drought-wracked wastes north of Tucson, AZ.
According to his final book, Contact With Space, it had not
rained in Tucson for 5 years, making the desert a perfect
proving ground for both the cloudbuster's rainmaking and UFO-
weakening abilities.

Meanwhile, in order to share his findings with the Air Force,
Reich sent his assistant William Moise ahead to Wright-Patterson
Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio. As Reich bitterly noted, Orgonon
"had received no direct help from the Air Force, financial or
otherwise," but he remained eager to keep the military posted on
the extraterrestrial-combat uses of orgone.

Moise, however, got a guarded reception at Wright-Patterson.
General Harold Watson, chief of Air Force Intelligence, had
initially seemed eager to speak with Moise about Reich's claim
to have "disabled" two UFOs, even insisting that Moise could
arrive late in the day and the two men could "continue the
conference after supper."

Travelling cross-country, Moise was concerned that accidental
factors could get in the way of the meeting and confirmed his
appointment with Watson twice. Still, by the time he got to
Dayton, Watson was unavailable due to "unexpected important

Instead, a "Dr. W. H. Byers" and Harry Haberer greeted Moise at
the base. Moise hated Byers on first sight, calling him "a man
with a flabby handshake and eyes that don't look at you." As
Watson had expressed concern that a group from the CIA would be
visiting that week, it is a tantalizing possibility that Byers
was a member of that delegation. Haberer, meanwhile, is known to
UFO research as "a crack Air Force public relations man."

Moise refused to talk to the two men and instead waited until
the next day, when he briefed the base's deputy commander, who
reportedly became "excited" by the revelation of a weapon
against UFOs. Haberer and Byers were apparently less impressed,
but took notes.

The battle of Tucson begins

According to Reich, the Air Force continued its tacit interest
in his work, sending numerous jets to fly by his cloudbusting
experiments but making no overt gestures because the spacegun
was "hot because it wasn't official, and the reason it wasn't
official was because it was so hot."

When his group arrived in Tucson from heavily-wooded Maine on
October 19, they were shocked by the Arizona desert, which was
apparently much more severe than it is today. "We were impressed
by the bare ground, giving a general impression of whiteness,
hardness," Reich wrote. "The river beds had all been dry for
about 50 years... no prairie grass was to be seen anywhere."

Over the next few weeks, the party - composed of Reich, his
daughter Eva and son Peter, Moise and another assistant --
suffered almost immediately from dehydration, exhaustion and
general discomfort, all of which they attributed to poisonous
"deadly orgone radiation." However, harassment from UFOs was
sporadic but persistent, leading Reich to theorize that the
"thirsty" aerial phenomena were actively fighting his rainmaking

The researchers fought back throughout November, apparently
encouraging a rich growth of winter prairie grass but no rain.
Transportation difficulties had forced Reich to leave his supply
of radioactive material behind at Orgonon, leaving the
cloudbusters at a sharp disadvantage against the UFOs. Without
the radioactive charge, Reich's team could only annoy the lights
in the sky but not hinder their inscrutable activity in any real

Meanwhile, the UFOs kept making the researchers miserable. One
of Reich's assistants suffered a "breakdown" while training his
cloudbuster on the sky, forcing him to return to his family for
a month of recuperation. In his absence, Reich speculated that
the man had drawn too much poisonous orgone from a lurking alien

By December 7, Reich decided it was time to strengthen his hand
by sending for his radioactive hole card, two radium needles
charged with orgone. After a plane trip marked by misadventure
and bad weather, the needles arrived a week later.

"A planetary Valley Forge"

Once Reich had his radium, he was ready to retake the offensive
against the UFOs and the desert simultaneously.

"On December 14, about 16:30 hours, a full-scale interplanetary
battle came off," he wrote. "A battle which would have appeared
incredible as well as incomprehensible to anyone who knew
nothing about the (UFO) problems or who adhered to the illusion"
that neither UFOs nor orgone existed.

First, the Orgonon team had to shake off "a special kind of
deadly orgone attack" that left them "in very bad shape...
sick... dulled, somehow out of balance." A "tremendous black
cloud, looking like smoke from a huge fire" grew over Tucson,
eventually taking on an angry reddish-purple coloration and
triggering readings of 100,000 counts per minute on Reich's
geiger counter. All of the researchers "suffered from nausea,
quivering, pain in the upper abdomen and discoloration of
movements," while "about a dozen Air Force planes of various
kinds" flew over the team's camp.

Matters of orgone, beneficial or poisonous, aside, Reich's
description of the event is reminiscent of a nuclear bomb test:
a strong military presence, radiation, smoke, queasiness.
However, it is unlikely that the government would set off a bomb
apparently targeted directly on Tucson, a thriving regional
center of commerce.

Reich brought his radium needles into contact with the
cloudbusters and started firing away at the cloud to dissipate
its power. The operation took about 20 minutes, at which time
the cloud had broken up and the geiger count returned to normal.

It rained three weeks later. In the meantime, Reich's journal is
filled with dozens of UFO sightings - "red-white-blue
pulsations," "yellow pulsations," "silvery disks," "green-yellow
steady" - on which to train his spacegun sights. Most "grew
fainter," were "extinguished" or "blinked out." The grass
covering the desert grew to a height of "several inches to a
foot deep," encouraging local ranchers to drive cattle into the
region in herds.

After a brief side trip to Jacumba, CA, the team headed home to
Maine at the end of April, 1955. "Our job in Arizona was done,"
Reich said.

He was dead 18 months later, and all available copies of his
books were burned by court order. Only a few copies survived,
forcing his scattered disciples to rely on private printings of
his works - including Contact In Space - for direction.

N.B. Culled from UFO UpDates during my sojourn there.


A UFO firing a laser at the Interrnational Space Station?


Thursday, December 18, 2014

UFOs: An Intersection of Realities

UFO reports are an expository of an experience and can be fictional or non-fictional.

Tom McCarthy, writing in The London Review of Books [12/18/14,On Realism and the Real, Page 21 ff.] quotes from J.G. Ballard’s 1995 reissue of his 1973 masterpiece Crash about the balance between fiction and reality:

“We live in a world ruled by fictions of every kind … we live inside an enormous novel. It is now less and less necessary for the writer to invent the fictional content of his novel. The fiction is already there. The writer’s task is to invent the reality.”

This obviously applies to UFOs (among other things) and is primarily the essence of how we (many here) see the phenomenon.

My concentration on older UFO reports or sightings stems from the elements in them: bizarre behavior, creatures in attendant (that act bizarrely), the effect on witnesses, and the effect on those recounting or reading the reports.

When a bizarre flying saucer episode occurs – such as the 1955 Hopkinsville “assault,” or the 1973 Hickson/Parker event, the 1979 Robert Taylor experience in Scotland, et cetera – there takes place a series of “realities”: an hallucination or a confrontation with an alien reality or a psychotic moment that evokes an otherworldly reality, which is not hallucinatory alone but, rather, real in a psychological (even neurological) sense.

Many UFO sightings, even the “prosaic” kind – Kenneth Arnold’s iconic 1947 sighting, the 1952 Washington D.C. observations (via radar mostly), the 2006 O’Hare airport sighting(s) et cetera – have a reality that isn’t spectacular, except in the follow-ups by UFO enthusiasts.

That, too, is a kind of reality.

But these realities are fictive in nature. They have to be, since they are provided by witness observation and not, usually, by scientific mechanisms that can be studied.

The realities, then, have to be evaluated by various disciplines, forensic, one would wish, but critically at least.

The basics of psychology and sociology (and lately neurology) should come into play.

The aspects of physics are a must, and common sense vetting a necessary ingredient to determine the state of mind of the expositor, such as Office Lonnie Zamora in the 1964 Socorro incident.

This means that a number of realities have to be addressed, but rarely are.

There is always fiction in UFO reports. It’s endemic when one recounts an experience.

McCarthy writes that “Realism is a literary convention – no more, no less – and is therefore is laden with artifice …” [ibid, Page 21]

‘But sometimes the real is more than just hidden: sometimes its significance lies in its absence.” [ibid, Page 22]

“In one sense, then, the real is connected to trauma, and in another sense to matter. For Freud, psychic trauma is a material phenomenon, since all mental existence is material: in Beyond the Pleasure Principle, he defines the organism – human or otherwise – as being, at root, ‘an undifferentiated vesicle of a substance that is susceptible to stimulation.” [ibid, Page 22]

We have recounted or remembered observations of UFOs or something odd. “This is a real that happens.” But a real encumbered by fictional elements.

And then we have the unremembered.

Each has its own reality.

There is an intersection of reality and fictive unreality, which has confounded a UFO explanation, as no one in ufology has the wherewithal to deal with all the realities: not Stan Friedman, not Kevin Randle, not Michael Swords, not Jerry Clark, and certainly not those ruminating here.

We can address a few of the real and fictional elements in UFO reports, but we’ll always be flummoxed by the totality of the observations, which have at their base a phenomenon that is intrinsically elusive – a fiction in and of itself.

The intersection, therefore, lies in a twilight zone of imagination and intelligence, both of which are lacking among UFO devotees, it’s sad to note (again).


Wednesday, December 17, 2014

The Air Force Teleportation Physics Study [2004]

Click HERE for a PDF of a United States Air Force study of and about teleportation.


Tuesday, December 16, 2014

A [1956] Prelude to the Hill episode and/or Gulf Breeze?

Mysterious photos, yet to be explained...


Saturday, December 13, 2014

The Psychosocial Aspect of the UFO phenomenon

Martin Kottmeyer provided a Wikipedia link that explains further the Psychosocial interpretation of UFO sightings:


This is a supplement to the Gildas Bourdas/Isaac Koi post of a few days ago in which Mr. Kottmeyer's ideas were germane.


A 1958 UFO sighting that corroborates the Trindade UFO photos....but wait, Trindade has been deemed a hoax.


June 14, 1958; Pueblo, Colo. (BBU 5852)

10:46 a.m. Airport weather observer O. R. Foster, using a theodolite, sighted an object shaped like Saturn, less the bottom part, silver with no metallic luster, which flew overhead. (Berliner)

From (which also has some other sightings you might find interesting):


TIME/PLACE OF SIGHTING: June 14, 1958, at 10:46 A.M. MST/Memorial Airport at Pueblo, Colorado.

DURATION: Five minutes.


TYPE OF OBSERVER: Meteorologist for U. S. Weather Bureau.



SHAPE: Like the planet Saturn with its rings tilted forward and without bottom of planet showing.

DIMENSIONS: At least 30 feet in diameter.

SOUND: None.

ALTITUDE: When UFO first appeared it was 24.2º above horizon; when it disappeared it was 8.1º above horizon: minimum altitude was at least 30,000 feet.

SPEED: Minimum of 500 miles an hour.

TACTICS: Moved across a large area of sky from almost due west to southwest.

COMMENT: Observer was an experienced meteorologist (28 years with U.S. Weather Bureau) and was observing a pilot weather balloon through his theodolite when the UFO crossed his field of view. He followed it with the optical instrument, timing its passage across the sky. It was sharply defined and definitely was not a balloon.
It's odd that a Saturn-like UFO would appear in reality and via an alleged hoax in 1958, the hoax in January and the "actual UFO" in June.

So. were the Trindade Island photos phony or not? The matter remains moot.

Friday, December 12, 2014

From UFO UpDates [2005]: Gildas Bourdais on films provoking UFO abductions (the Hill episode particularly)

When I was active at UFO UpDates, in the 2005 time-frame, I grabbed this "conversation" between UFO researchers Issac Koi and Gildas Bourdais:

From: Gildas Bourdais
Date: Sat, 14 May 2005 18:23:39 +0200
Subject: Re: UFO Couple Use Story To Spark Alien Abduction Fear

From: Isaac Koi
Date: Wed, 11 May 2005 20:04:27 +0100
Subject: Re: UFO Couple Use Story To Spark Alien Abduction Fear

From: Gildas Bourdais
Date: Mon, 9 May 2005 17:18:36 +0200
Subject: Re: UFO Couple Use Story To Spark Alien Abduction

Now, I wish to come back to the possible influence of SF and
UFO stories.

Hi Gildas,

Since this topic has been lingering for a couple of weeks, I
thought it might be worth my chipping in to add a few references
for anyone interested in looking into any of these aspects in
more detail.

First off, as you may know, the Martin Kottmeyer article you
mention is available on the Magonia website at the link below [no longer extant]:


Isaac and all

Thank you for the link. I have read the Kottmayer article with
interest, and I would have many comments to say about it. But I
am just going to come back on some of the SF films which would
be a source of the UFO abduction "lore", according to him, and
other authors such as Kevin Randle. Well, the case seems more
and more dubious to me.

Notes on some films cited by Martin Kottmeyer in his paper
"Entirely Unpredisposed: the Cultural Background of UFO
Abductions reports", and by Kevin Randle et al. in their book
"The Abduction Enigma". The following comments are also drawn
from the "Internet Movie Database Entry", referred to by
Kottmeyer himself, and from some books about SF movies.

1953: "Invaders from Mars"

Note in the book "Yesterday's Tomorrow" by Bruce Lanier Wright
(1993): it is labelled "a kid's movie", together with "The
invisible boy (1957), "Tobor the Great", and "The 5,000 fingers
of Dr T" (p. 146). On the other hand, according to film critic
Philip Strick, in his book "Science-Fiction Movies" (1976), that
film, shot by a William Cameron Menzies (known for his pre-war
British film "Things to Come") had some artistic merits. Strick
found it to be "an ideal metaphor for the political paranoia of
the time..." (p. 14). Is that an invitation to paranoia?

Martin Kottmayer, for his part, points out that "brain implants
are featured in the movie "Invaders from Mars". But there is not
such element in the Hill's incident. So, what is the relevance
to their case? Well, he suggests one. The aliens of "Invaders
from Mars" are of rather human appearance, but with a rather big
nose, and ridiculous bulging eyes, looking like half ping-pong
balls. Kottmeyer compares them with the first description of

"In the original nightmare, Betty compares the noses of the
aliens to Jimmy Durante. This is a very apt description of the
noses of the mutants in "Invaders from Mars". But he also notes
that Barney did not remember that, and that the detail was
"edited out by Betty in her hypnosis sessions".

What can we make of that? Could Betty have been influenced,
inconsciously, at least in her initial effort to remember the
look of her alien abductors, by a very small budget, "B grade"
movie, already height years old in 1961?

Let's admit that it cannot be completely ruled out (maybe a
vague remembrance of a movie poster?), although Betty and Barney
had no interest in such movies. In any case, this supposition
certainly does not permit to argue that she invented her story.
By the way, had they invented it together, Betty and Barney
would have been smarter to give the same description!

1954: "Killers from Space"

Comments in the "Internet Movie Database Entry": "...works
better than sleeping pills..."; and: "...one of the dullest
sci-fi movies around..."; "...a real sleeper..."; "...the only
good thing: the "bulging eyes" of the aliens". Comment of
Kottmeyer: "An abductee.. has a strange scar and a missing
memory of the alien that caused it".

But, like for the implant of "Invaders from Mars", Betty had no
scar. In fact, if she had one, it would have been an element
supporting her story! On the other hand, Barney did suffer
physically, with a circle of warts which had to be removed
surgically. Nothing like that was shown in that film or any
other of the time: so much for the influence of SF movies. 1956:
"Not of this Earth" (cited by Kevin Randle et al)

This one the very low budget movies, quickly shot in a few days
by  Roger Corman who was a specialist of the genre. Comments in
the book "Yesterday's Tomorrow" (p.142):

The Davannans suffer from a strange anemia and need constant
blood transfusions just to stay alive. Johnson, the alien
scouting the Earth as a potential source of blood, "...can
control people with a form of hypnotic telepathy, and kills his
victims with radioactive blasts from his milky-white eyes,
normally hidden beneath dark sunglasses. He then drains their
blood with an odd pump he keeps in a metal briefcase". Comment
on the alien, by P. Strick in his book "Science-Fiction Movies":
"Dedicated as he is to his mission (there is much screaming and
macabre business with tubes and bottles), it seems an inadequate
solution to a racial emergency. Aliens, to judge from the
cinema, behave somewhat irrationally in times of stress" (p.
15). Comment of Kevin Randle et al.: "Although he is not
collecting genetic material, as has been suggested of the aliens
reported by abductees, he is required to send humans to his home
world as they attempt to end the plague destroying them. The
obvious purpose is to gather genetic material." (p. 122)

But again, the same question arises: could such a low budget,
rather comical SF-Horror movie released in 1956, influence
people like the Hills? That seems a bit far fetched. And there
is no precise element, really comparable, in their story.

1956: "Earth versus Flying saucers"

Kottmeyer notes that the film "...also precedes UFO lore in
featuring an abduction in which thoughts are taken. Saucerian
abduct a general, make his head transparent, and suck out the
knowledge to store it in an Infinitely Indexed Memory Bank".

That sounds impressive! Could it inspire nightmarish fantasies
on innocent spectators, and prepare the ground for future
abduction "lore"?

The book "Yesterday's Tomorrow" (p. 106) does not see it that
way, though:

"Earth Versus" was designed to capitalize on the postwar flying
saucer craze, which began in the late forties and reached a
culmination of sorts in the great Washington D.C. flap of 1952,
when for months, it seems, residents of the city could scarcely
go out of doors without having their hats knocked off by silvery
discs from beyond" (sic!). "By the film's end, Marvin (the
heroe) devises an anti-flying saucer ray. In a thoroughly
enjoyable climax, earth's forces use the ray to foil an alien
raid on Washington D.C., and saucers crash into every
recognizable landmark larger than a mailbox".

This one does not seem to have been designed to trigger
nightmarish dreams, either. On, the contrary, it loks like an
effort treat UFOs as entertainment and to reduce the worries of
the public about them. Take it easy, folks, the situation is
under control!

1956: "It conquered the World"

Comments in the book "Yesterday's Tomorrow" (p. 108):

"... a ten-day, $80,000 quickie featuring a giant cucumber
menace..."; the invader resembles "... a conical cucumber with
muscular-looking crab claws...". "...The leaders (of a little
town) are attacked by batlike creatures produced by the alien,
that have, and I quote, "radiological electrode-type things in
their beaks". One sting from a bat-critter makes the victim a
willing slave". At the end of the film, the heroic scientist
"...kills the alien with a blowtorch..."; the book praises the
work of designer Paul Blaisdell: "While his monsters aren't
exactly convincing or frightening, they are charming, and very
much part of the history of the genre".

Here is another note on that film, from the book "A pictorial
History of Science-Fiction films", by Jeff Rovin (1975):

"From Venus came the most absurd-looking monster ever, created
by Paul Blaisdell, who should have known better, in "It
conquered the World (1956)" (p. 103). Nothing there to impress
the Hills, it seems.

1957: "Invasion of the Saucer Men"

Comments in the "Internet Movie Database Entry":
Genre: comedy/sci-fi. "It's great fun for 50's monster lovers".
Comments in the book "Yesterday's Tomorrow"(p. 110):

The film "...began as a serious (more or less) film.... During
the film production, however, it "just sort of collapsed" into a
comedy, as Blaisdell (designer of the bug-eyed monsters) put it.
The result is a weird mishmash that veers from low-grade
slapstick to some fairly gruesome, if unconvincing, violence,
all larded over with an exceptionally irritating "comic" sound
track". Further comments: a small town is invaded by
"...swollen-headed, bulging-eyed midgets from Beyond. The aliens
kill an over-curious passerby by injecting him with a lethal
dose of alcohol delivered through their needlelike claws.
Later... an alien tries this trick on a bull, and gets one of
his huge eyes bloodily gouged out. Remember, it's a comedy, so
yock it up".

Another comment: "... Saucer-Men is fairly dismal by any
objective standard. Unsurprisingly, most of the laughs to be
found here are of the unintentional variety, and so the "so-bad-
it's-good" crowd seems to have adopted the film as a, uh,

Another note on that film, from the book "A pictorial History of
Science-Fiction films", by Jeff Rovin: "Invasion of the Saucer
Men (1957) is another of those teenagers-versus-aliens films;
however, there is something to be said for this effort. It is
what amounts to a satire wherein diminutive creatures from space
inject alcohol into bloodstreams of their victims, making them
drunk; naturally, when the unfortunates run to the police,
their story of alien invaders is not believed. The creatures are
eliminated when teenagers unite and disintegrate them with the
high intensity-beams of their auto headlights".

What we have again is another low budget movie for kids which
ends well, nothing to trigger nightmarish fantasies. But lets
put back in perspective these little sci-fi-horror movies: they
were marginal productions, compared with the better known
movies of that time, and should not be granted more importance
and influence than they had.

Gildas Bourdais

Three Uncommon [PDF] Papers on Roswell (from our archive)


Wednesday, December 10, 2014

Anti-Intellectualism in American Life (and Ufology)

This Pulitzer Prize winning book [Vintage Books, NY, 1962-1963] by Richard Hofstadter tells readers that there has been a crusade against intellectuals and why.

(Although author Hofstadter takes to task former Senator Joseph McCarthy, and idol of mine because Senator McCarthy was right about communists and fellow-travelers inside the U.S. government during the Cold War – see William Buckley Jr. and Brent Bozell’s 1954 book, McCarthy and His Enemies -- I still find Mr. Hofstadter’s views to be brilliant and insightful, about anti-intellectualism in America, which can be applied to anti-intellectualism in Ufology).

Hofstadter  writes this:

“America was settled by men and women who repudiated European civilization for its oppressiveness or decadence … and who found the most striking thing on the American strand not in the rude social forms that were taking shape here but in the world of nature and savages. The escape from civilization … was perpetuated in repeated escapes from East to West, from the settled world to the frontier.” [Page 49]

One can see this attitude, today in the heavy settling out West by ufologists adorned in western gear (string ties, boots, and denim).

Alexis de Tocqueville, perhaps the greatest explicator of American society [Democracy in America, 1835], is cited by Hostadter:

“Tocqueville saw that the life of constant action and decision which was entailed by the democratic and businesslike character of American life put a premium upon rough and ready habits of mind …” [Page 50]

And the prominent British writer D.H. Lawrence said, “in one of his harsh, luminous hyperboles that the essential American soul is ‘hard, isolate, stoic, and a killer.’” [Page 49]

This is the temper of most UFO writers and their devotees, I’m sorry to say.

Hofstadter blames religious evangelism for much anti-intellectualism in America, but if ufologists are religious-oriented, that hasn’t protruded in their writings or commentary, as far as I see it.

Ufologists and fellow-travelers (buffs) seem to be agnostic when it comes to placing UFOs in a religious milieu. Abductees who’ve created a religious patina to their experience have, generally, been eschewed by UFO “researchers.”

The crudity of observational comments at this blog and even more so at other blogs evidence how shallow the ufological mind is.

Placing anything with gravitas online here (or elsewhere) brings forth a silence that is palpable.

Any insertion of something devoid of crash and burn or dynamic, hyped reportage goes uncommented.

UFO mavens want bread and circus accounts.

The vapid arguing at Kevin Randle’s blog tells me (and others) that UFO hobbyists want to argue rather than seek an explanation of what a sighting means or what UFOs as a phenomenon are.

Hofstadter writes that the cult of anti-intellectualism “was not a variation … of a universal problem of modern societies, but a case of utterly unique pathology.” [Page 412]

That persons interested in UFOs seem prone to pathologies can be readily seen in their commentaries, with UFO writers and investigators showing marked symptoms of addled minds. (Need I name them?)

Intellectuals conformed, ideologically, to survive the onslaught of anti-intellectualism [Hofstadter, Chapter XV, Pages 393-432].

But intellectuals in ufology acquiesce to the mob, and descend to writing in ways (me included) that the great UFO unwashed can understand.

Bruce Deusing doesn’t acquiesce. He challenges readers of his blog and says “to hell with your stupidity, I’m not going to water down my views for you.”

But he’s a UFO loner.

Ufology and the UFO topic have suffered grievously by intellectuals abandoning their cachet of intelligence.

The UFO hoi-polloi took hold of the topic and phenomenon in the era that Hofstadter addresses, the 1950s and 1960s, when intellectualism was shunned and attacked.

We, in the UFO community, have never recovered from that.

The topic is festooned with hokeyisms and folk-tales, not real investigation or research.

Hyperbole, myth, and outright lies (or errors) prevail.

The problem is endemic to American society, and societies elsewhere as well.

So, there you have it: one of the reasons that UFOs, as an important ingredient in human society, are moribund, on life support.


Tuesday, December 09, 2014

This movie was prescient: Plants pilot UFOs [Redux]

The Thing (from Another World) was an intelligent carrot.
Plants are (highly) intelligent.

This book [Prentice Hall, inc. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 1970] tells us why and how:
Plants evolved first on Earth before animals, and the DNA of plants is as close to human DNA as genomes allow.

“It [is] only a small step from the first one-celled plants to the first one-celled animals …

Even in the complex plants and animals of today the fundamental processes are the same and the genes to control them carry the same codes. Human beings are thus more like plants than you might think, and in fact, many of our genes are identical to those of the plants growing in our gardens …” [Page 15]

Page 18 provides the math for planets (not plants!) in the known Universe, postulating that after all the caveats are taken into account, 100 million evolutions could have taken place on planets with suns.

“ … how can one imagine the variety of life forms that might have come about through 100 million processes? Some would still be quite primitive while others would have advanced far beyond ourselves. If the one-in-a-thousand ratio were projected further, it would n\mean that there might be 100 thousand that had reached a stage of civilization perhaps at least the equal of our own.”

Then there is this:

“ … plants … aid …  in their own salvation …” [Page 239]

“ … plants have now been found to produce chemicals similar to juvenile hormones …” [Page 239]

“Algae, the most ancient of the earth’s flora … [have] cells … held together in colonies, and [the] most advanced are the multicellular ones such as kelp in which cells have specialized functions – some (“holdfasts”) to anchor the plant, others to form a stalk, and still others to form expanded leaflike structures.” [Pages 21-22]

These books and a video take the topic further:
With the need for chlorophyll and water, one can see why a civilization of evolved, thinking plants might seek out the Earth.


Monday, December 08, 2014

You're not a robot....

Even we have to prove we're not a robot when we leave a comment here.

Where this comes from, we don't know and we aren't able to remove the Robot requirement request (although we've checked NO in settings).

Any suggestions?


Dave Thomas' New Mexicans for Science and Reason : Socorro 1964

Click HERE for a sensible, accurate account of the Lonnie Zamora Socorro UFO sighting of 1964.

(Yes, we're obsessed by Socorro, as it represents a mundane sighting turned into a UFO cause célèbre. )


Sunday, December 07, 2014


Click HERE for a source or some UFO sightings?


Project Horizon

A source for vehicles mistaken as UFOs -- Socorro among them:

Project Horizon - An early study of a lunar outpost
IAF, International Astronautical Congress, 38th, Brighton, England; 10-17 Oct. 1987. 32 p. pp. 1987

Project Horizon was a pioneering study prepared by the US Army in the late 1950s to further the exploration of space. It strived to (1) design and establish a lunar outpost from which further investigations of, and operations on, the lunar surface could be undertaken, and (2) provide a supporting capability for other operations in space. Consideration is given to the lunar outpost design and construction, scientific programs proposed to be undertaken on the moon, launch and transfer vehicles, launch facilities, and communications. Background facts on Project Horizon are also described. (K.K.)

Descriptors: lunar Bases; nasa Space Programs; project Planning; research And Development; Armed Forces (united States); Communication Satellites; Orbital Assembly; Saturn Launch Vehicles; Space Stations; Systems Engineering

Aha! Found...

Back on October 28th (2014) I noted that this book mysteriously disappeared from my rooms:
I found the book today, December 7, 2014, underneath (as Robert Torres suggested) a raft of magazines and mail.....Phew!

Now, to derive from it, a posting here about the problems of and with history that also afflict Ufology and its reporting(s) of UFO sightings.


Saturday, December 06, 2014

Project Sign (and evaluation by Michael Swords)

Click HERE for a PDF of Michael Swords' superb evaluation of Project Sign.

Michael Swords is a "ufologist" you can trust implicitly and always, a true academic and honest man.


More AF Insigniae (like the Socorro symbol) from Jose Caravaca

A Monastery on the Rosetta Comet? Come on.....